Perceived Grievances Drove Virginia Beach Gunman to Kill 12, F.B.I. Finds

A metropolis engineer was obsessed for years with perceived office grievances earlier than killing 12 folks in a 2019 taking pictures at a municipal advanced in Virginia Beach, the F.B.I. mentioned this week, releasing the findings of a behavioral evaluation that offered new perception on a motive for the assault.

The gunman, DeWayne Craddock, who was fatally wounded by the police, had turn into alienated from his co-workers over how they considered him and his personal notion of his job efficiency, in accordance to the findings by the bureau’s Behavioral Analysis Unit.

“The shooter’s inflated sense of self-importance contributed to this conflict and led him to believe he was unjustly and repeatedly criticized and slighted,” the bureau concluded. “Violence was viewed by the shooter as a way to reconcile this conflict and restore his perverted view of justice.”

The findings, which have been launched on Wednesday, supply a measure of rationalization for what will be inexplicable for these investigating among the nation’s deadliest mass shootings: the mind-set of a gunman. Several of these shootings stay mysteries, with investigators unable to decide a motive.

The bureau’s findings contrasted with these of the Virginia Beach Police Department, which mentioned in March that it would by no means know what had pushed Mr. Craddock to snap.

But the F.B.I., whose assist was enlisted by the native police, mentioned that Mr. Craddock, 40, a former soldier, had turn into such a loner that it could have been tough to envision the bloodshed that he would precise.

“He purposely isolated himself by disengaging from relationships to conceal his intentions,” the bureau mentioned, including that “no individual or group was in a position to see the confluence of behaviors that may have forewarned the attack.”

The metropolis of Virginia Beach has confronted criticism from the victims’ households over reluctance to say what prompted the gunman to open fireplace on May 31, 2019, in Building No. 2 of the Virginia Beach Municipal Center.

On the morning of the taking pictures, Mr. Craddock, a metropolis worker of about 15 years, had despatched a resignation e-mail to his bosses.

“Despite exhaustive investigative work and in spite of unsubstantiated rumors and accusations, it appears we may never know why he committed this heinous act,” the Virginia Beach Police Department mentioned in a closing investigation report that was launched in March.

A spokeswoman for town didn’t instantly reply to requests for touch upon Thursday, however she informed The Washington Post that the F.B.I.’s evaluation didn’t battle with town’s conclusions and was an extension of the work begun by town.

“We asked the F.B.I. to take a look at this because they had a level of expertise in this area that we didn’t have,” mentioned Julie Hill, the spokeswoman. “This is part of the work that we requested. It wasn’t forced on us.”

The F.B.I. mentioned it had briefed the Virginia Beach Police Department on its findings, which famous that the gunman had skilled “significant mental health stressors” that “appeared to have contributed in part to his decompensation in advance of the attack.”

“However, mental health stressors alone cannot explain the Virginia Beach attack,” the bureau mentioned.

Investigators mentioned that the gunman was comparable in some ways to others who’ve carried out mass shootings and have been studied by the F.B.I.

“Mass shootings are a predatory act, generally with planned and purposeful violence intended for an identified target, person, place, or institution,” the bureau mentioned.