Mario Bautista was digging relentlessly on the floor. Deep within the huge and unforgiving Chihuahuan Desert, in northeastern Mexico, he had spent practically eight hours wading by way of a seemingly infinite patch of thorny brush. Surrounding him had been 25 members of his group, together with his spouse and youngsters.
Everyone within the group was looking for one factor: the psychedelic plant generally known as peyote, or hikuri — a small, squishy cactus camouflaged beneath the shrubbery.
Ok’kame, at left, an elder among the many Wixárika, takes half in a ritual in central San Luis Potosí, close to a naturally effervescent spring. Here, the pilgrims use brushes and candles to collectively baptize each other.
Mario and people alongside him are members of the Mexican Huichol, or Wixárika, individuals, and hikuri is their lifeline. Whatever they discovered can be introduced again to their village to be used of their each day non secular rituals.
Mariana Bautista prepares blue corn tortillas over an open range within the village of La Cebolleta.A Wixáritari lady washes greens inside her indifferent kitchen. The Wixáritari develop a number of produce, together with beans, inexperienced beans, tomatoes, tomatillos, chilis and squash. They additionally make do-it-yourself cheese.
Spread throughout the rugged Sierra Madre Occidental vary, the Wixárika are an Indigenous individuals with an estimated inhabitants of 45,000. Within their tradition, peyote is way over simply a hallucinogenic cactus. The Wixárika consider that the plant permits them to attach with their ancestors and regenerates their souls.
Every yr, Wixárika communities make a several-hundred-mile pilgrimage to a sacred place referred to as Wirikuta, close to the northeastern metropolis of Matehuala. Groups journey — lately by automobile, vans and buses — beneath the course of a main shaman, or maraka’ame.
Under Mexican legislation, solely Indigenous teams are approved to reap and ingest peyote. But partially due to its rising recognition as a leisure drug, the plant has develop into more durable to seek out. If their holy lands proceed to be threatened — by drug vacationers, mining firms and farming encroachment — then a core side of the Wixárika’s identification might be at risk.
Mariana Bautista prepares tortillas for her daughter, Montse. She makes all of her personal clothes.
This previous March, the photographer Matt Reichel and I had been invited to affix Mario and his household on their pilgrimage.
Pilgrims are divided into teams based mostly on their ancestral household lands, and every group can solely entry a specific space inside Wirikuta. They should additionally obtain an preliminary blessing of their homeland earlier than setting out on the journey; for Mario’s household, the blessing came about in Rancho La Tristeza, close to the village of La Cebolleta, within the Mexican state of Nayarit.
The subsequent day, the group launched into the pilgrimage adorned of their conventional costume. The girls wore vibrant coloured, hand-sewn attire. Scarves protected their hair from the solar.
The Wirikuta desert outdoors the village of Real de Catorce contains dense scrub brush and thorns. To discover peyote, the pilgrims should search amongst thorn bushes.
The males wore white shirts and pants, with embroidered depictions of deer, peyote and different symbols. They additionally wore wide-brimmed hats with plumed feathers. One specific man, Ok’kame, the guardian of the group’s ancestral pavilion, was a visible splendor: His hat held extra plumed feathers than these of different pilgrims, and he was chaotically energetic throughout all of the rituals.
During the harvest, households accumulate crowns of peyote, or hikuri, which they’ll re-plant once they return to the mountains and devour in ceremonies all year long. Plants from the day’s harvest are ignored to dry for a few hours within the desert air earlier than they’re packed away in massive plastic luggage.
On the primary evening, the group settled into a sacred web site off the aspect of a freeway. The night’s first ritual was a name-changing ceremony: The desert turned the ocean; peyote turned chayote squash. Name altering helps the pilgrims envision coming into a new world.
The pilgrims additionally underwent a public confession round midnight, throughout which every individual listed all their previous and current sexual relationships. The names had been then publicly learn across the bonfire; the intention was to let go of the previous.
Each of the relationships was tied as a knot on particular person palm branches. The branches had been then burned within the hearth.
Sunset over La Tristeza, within the Mexican state of Nayarit. The Sierra Madre Occidental mountain vary — alongside the borders of the states of Nayarit, Jalisco, Durango and Zacatecas in central Mexico — is the homeland of the Wixáritari.
Throughout the trek, pilgrims made choices at sacred websites — areas the place their ancestors had discovered water throughout earlier pilgrimages. Water was key to the choices; pilgrims used feathers and candles to sprinkle water over the choices, which included corn tortillas and cash.
Families congregated by the watering gap, the place they chanted, sang and blessed each other. A fiddler performed a joyful tune within the background.
After touring overland for a week, we lastly reached our space, generally known as Bernalejos.
“It is the largest church in the world,” Mario proclaimed as we stepped into the desert.
The households rested for a whereas, however there was no time to sleep. Instead, the pilgrims stayed as much as sing and dance for a good harvest.
One of the pilgrimage rituals is a public confession meant to purify one’s soul. Each pilgrim should confess all of their earlier romantic companions to a governing council. Knots are then tied in a palm leaf for every title talked about, and the checklist is learn publicly to the complete group. Everyone then locations their palm leaves into the hearth as a image of letting go of the previous.
The morning of the harvest, households painted their faces with single yellow dots on each cheeks. Mariana, Mario’s spouse, defined that the work symbolized the solar.
In a lovely formation, the group marched into the morning daylight with machetes and baskets. Everyone stayed collectively at first, however regularly the households unfold aside.
The harvest took hours and have become more and more troublesome because the solar grew much less forgiving. The largest peyote patches sat beneath shrubs coated in thorns; reaching them was treacherous, notably within the warmth of the day, when the colours appeared to mix collectively.
Still, the hunt continued. Mario defined that they had been gathering peyote not just for themselves, but additionally for members of the family who couldn’t make the journey. During the forage, every household had gathered as much as 150 crowns, after which the vegetation had been dried and blessed.
As the daylight fades from Wirikuta, the pilgrims climb a close by hill to bless their household’s harvest. During this ceremony, every pilgrim will devour a small dose of peyote, sometimes simply a few bulbs.
Around sundown, we walked up a hill to make one last providing. Mario requested us to carry out our palms. He tapped our faces, and we ingested small items of the peyote. The plant was extremely bitter. The households solely ate a little, concerning the quantity for a microdose, which was meant to facilitate calm reflection. That evening, the group collapsed into a peaceable sleep, as if a spell had been solid over our camp.
Well rested from the evening earlier than, all of us collectively packed-up camp to go away the subsequent day. As he took a take a look at the pile of his household’s crowns on the bottom subsequent to the smoldering embers of the campfire, Mario smiled at us. “We have been given a sacred gift from Mother Earth,” he mentioned, “and now we have to return it home.”
Matt Reichel is a Canadian photographer at the moment based mostly within the Democratic Republic of Congo. You can comply with his work on Instagram and Twitter.
Robyn Huang is a Canadian author and photographer based mostly in Guadalajara, Mexico. You can comply with her work on Instagram and Twitter.
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