A case of monkeypox, a uncommon however probably critical viral sickness, has been recognized in a Texas resident who just lately returned from Nigeria, well being officers stated on Friday. They stated that the danger that the virus would unfold to others was low.
The affected person, a Dallas resident, was hospitalized in Dallas and in steady situation, well being officers stated.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stated it was working with an unidentified airline in addition to state and native well being officers to contact passengers who had traveled with the affected person on two flights — one from Lagos to Atlanta on July eight and the opposite from Atlanta to Dallas on July 9.
The C.D.C. stated it believed that the danger of the affected person’s having unfold monkeypox to others by respiratory droplets was restricted as a result of vacationers on these flights and in the airports in Atlanta and Dallas had been required to put on masks to forestall the unfold of the coronavirus.
“While rare, this case is not a reason for alarm, and we do not expect any threat to the general public,” Clay Jenkins, the Dallas County choose, stated in an announcement on Friday.
Dr. Philip Huang, the director of Dallas County Health and Human Services, stated that county well being officers had been working with state and federal businesses to interview the affected person and others who had been in shut contact with the individual.
“We have determined that there is very little risk to the general public,” Dr. Huang stated in an announcement. “This is another demonstration of the importance of maintaining a strong public health infrastructure, as we are only a plane ride away from any global infectious disease.”
Monkeypox — so named as a result of it was first recognized in laboratory monkeys — happens principally in Central and Western Africa, though it brought on an outbreak in the United States in 2003 after it unfold from imported African rodents to pet prairie canines, the C.D.C. stated.
During that outbreak, 47 confirmed and possible instances of monkeypox had been recognized in six states, the C.D.C. stated. Those who had been contaminated reported signs comparable to fever, headache, muscle aches and rash. No deaths had been reported.
Monkeypox is in the identical household of viruses as smallpox, however it causes a milder an infection, in line with the C.D.C. The sickness usually begins with flulike signs and swelling of the lymph nodes and develops right into a widespread rash on the face and physique. Most infections final two to 4 weeks.
In this case, laboratory testing on the C.D.C. confirmed that the affected person had been contaminated with a pressure of monkeypox mostly seen in elements of West Africa, together with Nigeria. Infections with that pressure of monkeypox are deadly in about 1 in 100 folks, the C.D.C. stated, though charges could also be larger in folks with weakened immune programs.
The C.D.C. stated it had been supporting Nigeria’s response to monkeypox since 2017, when the illness re-emerged in that nation after a interval of practically 40 years with no reported instances.
There aren’t any particular therapies accessible for monkeypox an infection, in line with the C.D.C., though one vaccine has been licensed in the U.S. to forestall monkeypox and smallpox.
Monkeypox is often discovered in animals comparable to rats, mice and rabbits, however it could actually infect folks when they’re bitten or scratched by an animal, put together wild sport or come into contact with an contaminated animal or, presumably, animal merchandise, the C.D.C. stated.
The virus can unfold between folks by bodily fluids, sores or gadgets contaminated with bodily fluids, however it’s typically transmitted by giant respiratory droplets that don’t journey quite a lot of toes. As such, extended face-to-face contact is usually mandatory for the virus to unfold, the C.D.C. stated.
Dr. Anne W. Rimoin, a professor of epidemiology on the U.C.L.A. Fielding School of Public Health, stated that monkeypox was not as transmissible as coronavirus or influenza.
“The risk is low, but this just highlights the fact that an infection anywhere is potentially an infection everywhere,” Dr. Rimoin stated. “This should serve as a reminder that infectious diseases are spilling from animals to humans regularly and that Covid is not the only infectious disease of zoonotic origin that we may worry about in the future.”