John McMeel, a founding father of what started as a basement operation in a rented ranch home in Kansas — with a mail drop on Fifth Avenue — and grew into the biggest newspaper syndication firm on the planet, died on July 7 at his residence in Kansas City, Mo. He was 85.
His dying was introduced by his firm, Andrews McMeel Universal, which didn’t specify the trigger.
Mr. McMeel and Jim Andrews had been holding day jobs within the late 1960s — Mr. McMeel as a salesman for Hall, a newspaper syndication firm in New York City; Mr. Andrews as managing editor of The National Catholic Reporter in Kansas City — however they had been already moonlighting because the syndication moguls they might someday develop into.
Before their firm had any shoppers, it had a title, Universal Press Syndicate, which they selected as a result of it sounded grown-up and company and as if it had been round endlessly. Mr. Andrews gave himself a pseudonym, John Kennedy, for the president he had idolized.
Mr. Andrews, a cerebral former Roman Catholic seminarian dwelling in Leawood, Kan., trawled for content material creators like Garry Trudeau, whom he discovered within the pages of The Yale Daily News. (Mr. Trudeau was a Yale junior writing a strip known as “Bull Tales” about a school quarterback named B.D. — the character who grew to become the world-weary warrior in Mr. Trudeau’s “Doonesbury” — and the companions needed to look forward to him to graduate, and for the specter of the navy draft to cross, earlier than signing him up.) Mr. McMeel, a waggish and charming regulation faculty dropout, was the salesperson.
It was Mr. McMeel’s job to clarify to staid newspaper editors raised on “Beetle Bailey” why they wanted to clean up their pages with up to date voices like Mr. Trudeau’s. When “Bull Tales” morphed into “Doonesbury” and first appeared in newspapers in 1970, it made Universal Press Syndicate a bona fide firm. The companions quickly stop their day jobs.
The two “were a breath of fresh air in the syndicate business,” Jim Squires, a former editor of The Chicago Tribune and The Orlando Sentinel, stated in an unpublished oral historical past of Universal. “Newspapers were still trying to live in the 18th century. We still had ‘hot type.’ Our idea of comic strips was ‘Little Orphan Annie’ and ‘Dick Tracy.’”
Around the time they had been wooing Mr. Trudeau, the companions had additionally been courting Garry Wills, the creator and journalist (and, like Mr. Andrews, a former Catholic seminarian), who had been writing for Esquire. Mr. McMeel did the courting, although Mr. Wills was initially reluctant: His former boss at National Review, William F. Buckley Jr., had endorsed him towards writing a column for syndication.
But then, in May 1970, 13 college students at Kent State University in Ohio had been shot by National Guard troops whereas protesting the conflict in Vietnam. Four died.
“Esquire had a two-month lead time” earlier than an article may very well be revealed, Mr. Wills stated in a cellphone interview. “I felt so left behind by the pace of the horrible things that were happening, I would have accepted any terms to get into a paper the next day. I called Jim and left a message. I flew to Kent State and I filed that day.”
Mr. Wills’s column for Universal would run in a whole bunch of newspapers for the subsequent three many years.
Mr. McMeel and Mr. Andrews shortly after they began Universal Press Syndicate in a basement in Kansas. They selected the title as a result of it sounded grown-up and company.Credit…by way of Andrews McMeel Publishing
Mr. Andrews and Mr. McMeel went on to collect a steady of commentators who had been chronicling these roiling instances.
“They thought it was their job to make writers and cartoonists happy and rich and put them in as many papers as possible,” the political columnist Mary McGrory wrote when the corporate turned 25. She was one of many many banner names at The Washington Star —James J. Kilpatrick and Mr. Buckley had been others — whom Mr. Andrews and Mr. McMeel picked up in 1979 in an association beneath which Time Inc., which owned The Star, invested in Universal and gave it the rights to syndicate the newspaper’s columnists.
The linchpin of the deal was that “Doonesbury,” a Pulitzer Prize winner that had been operating in The Washington Post, would transfer to The Star. And Mr. McMeel was going to have to inform Ben Bradlee, The Post’s risky editor. It didn’t go properly, and Mr. Bradlee informed Mr. McMeel that someday he’d crawl again to The Post on his fingers and knees — which he did, two years later, when The Star closed.
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Mr. McMeel blamed his companion. The two had had an settlement that if something ever went flawed, every man would say it was the opposite’s fault. But Mr. McMeel’s finger-pointing got here as a little bit of mordant humor: Mr. Andrews had died a 12 months earlier.
Not solely was Universal placing contemporary voices like Mr. Trudeau and Mr. Wills into newspapers; the corporate was additionally doing all kinds of unheard-of issues, like granting Mr. Trudeau the rights to his work, forgoing the immense income that may have come from licensing offers.
Universal did the identical for Bill Watterson, the graphic designer who created “Calvin and Hobbes,” the wildly fashionable strip that includes the rebellions of a 6-year-old boy (named for a 16th-century theologian) and his sidekick, a stuffed tiger (named for a 17th-century thinker). The firm additionally gave its stars break day: Mr. Trudeau, Mr. Watterson and Gary Larson, creator of “The Far Side,” all took prolonged leaves.
Cathy Guisewite, whose interesting and infrequently befuddled cartoon avatar, Cathy, spoke to younger ladies caught between the heady guarantees of second-wave feminism and the grind of on a regular basis life, stated that Mr. Andrews had been the guts and soul of the corporate and Mr. McMeel the fireworks.
“Cartoonists and their syndicates are typically at odds with each other,” Ms. Guisewite stated. “But John created the opposite feeling for us. John opened up a new universe for different kinds of voices on the page. His insistence that there was room for our voices made room for others, too.”
John Paul McMeel was born on Jan. 26, 1936, in South Bend, Ind. His father, James, was the physician for the University of Notre Dame’s soccer workforce; his mom, Naomi (Reilly) McMeel, was a homemaker. He earned a diploma in enterprise from Notre Dame in 1957.
Mr. McMeel spent a 12 months in regulation faculty at Indiana University earlier than dropping out to take a gross sales job at the Hall Syndicate. He had simply began working there when he met Susan Sykes on a blind date. They married in 1966.
He met Mr. Andrews on a return go to residence to South Bend; nonetheless a scholar at Notre Dame, Mr. Andrews was renting a room from Mr. McMeel’s mom.
In the early days of Universal, Mr. Andrews’s spouse, Kathleen, saved the books, and Ms. McMeel, again in New York, learn submissions. When Mr. Andrews died out of the blue in 1980 at 44, Ms. Andrews returned to the corporate as chief govt of its publishing enterprise. She later grew to become vice chairman of the corporate. She died in April at 84.
Universal rebranded itself as Andrews McMeel Universal within the late 1980s. By then Mr. McMeel had signed up Dear Abby, Erma Bombeck, Mr. Larson, Roger Ebert and Pat Oliphant, the arch Australian-born political cartoonist.
Mr. McMeel by no means actually retired, his spouse stated. At his dying he was the corporate’s chairman emeritus.
“John opened up a new universe for various sorts of voices on the web page,” the cartoonist Cathy Guisewite stated of Mr. McMeel. “His insistence that there was room for our voices made room for others, too.”Credit…by way of Andrews McMeel Publishing
In addition to her, Mr. McMeel is survived by three daughters, Maureen McMeel Carroll, Suzanne McMeel Glynn and Bridget McMeel Rohmer, and 9 grandchildren.
Indefatigably sunny, Mr. McMeel had the optimism — and the stamina — of a true salesman. Jim Davis, the creator of the misanthropic cat Garfield, first met Mr. McMeel at an American Booksellers Association conference in 1981. Mr. McMeel approached him for an autograph, brandishing a Garfield e book with a contract tucked inside. But Mr. Davis had a long-term contract with United Media, which had been syndicating his strip.
“It became a running gag,” Mr. Davis stated. “Every time we met he’d hand me a newspaper or something with a contract inside.” After 15 years, Mr. Davis was lastly free to signal with Universal.
“The thing with John,” he stated, “is it didn’t feel like business. I once did an interview and the reporter asked me why Gary Larson had retired and I was still going. I said: ‘Well, Gary works so hard and he puts so much pressure on himself. Me, if I feel that kind of pressure, I lower my standards.’ It was that kind of air that John encouraged.”