A New Day in Haiti? Many Haitians Have Their Doubts.

PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — Gerard Lovius falls asleep at evening on the ground of an empty classroom to the sound of gunfire. He and his shellshocked neighbors began dwelling there a month in the past, after gang members invaded his house, sending his terrified spouse and three kids working to the streets and leaving him with nothing: no cash, no possessions, not even a cellphone.

On Tuesday morning, Mr. Lovius was again at his job as a road cleaner, tidying up earlier than the day’s stately memorial for Haiti’s assassinated chief in the Champs de Mars, the capital’s essential sq.. President Jovenel Moïse would quickly be laid to relaxation, and the sparring members of his authorities had simply reached a truce, vowing to guide the nation anew.

But there was little peace in Mr. Lovius’s life. “We have hope only in God,” he stated, hauling a wheelbarrow of trash up the road.

Gerard Lovius works as a road cleaner, however has not been paid for months.Credit…Federico Rios for The New York Times

Haiti’s leaders have known as the political truce a brand new chapter, a historic turning of the web page that, in the phrases of the interim prime minister, reveals “that we can actually work together, even if we are different, even if we have different world outlooks.”

But for a lot of in nation, it doesn’t appear to be a change. The record of cupboard ministers printed in the federal government’s official gazette featured a number of acquainted names from Mr. Moïse’s governing occasion, together with the brand new prime minister and the brand new international minister, each of whom had been angling to take over for the reason that president was killed.

“This is a provocation,” Pierre Espérance, the chief director of the Haitian National Human Rights Defense Network, stated of the occasion’s management of the brand new authorities. “It means the crisis will continue, insecurity will continue, and the gangs will continue.”

He argued that Mr. Moïse was a sufferer of his personal rule, a pacesetter who “died because of the insecurity his party created.” Two years in the past, violence and livid demonstrators condemning corruption and demanding the president’s ouster locked the nation in place — preserving the sick from hospitals, kids from college, employees from uncommon jobs and other people in the darkish in areas the place electrical energy stopped flowing.

Gangs have grow to be extra brazen since then, controlling massive components of the capital, attacking at will, kidnapping kids on their strategy to college and pastors in the center of delivering their companies.

“The country is going to remain in the same condition, unless they get their heads together,” Rosemane Jean Louis, stated shortly earlier than the memorial started and the brand new authorities took workplace. “We have no security. We are hungry. We are in misery.”

Ms. Jean Louis recounted how she had casually stated goodbye to her son, 24, at some point final yr, not realizing it might be the final time. With a smile, he had grabbed a chunk of sweet from the pile of treats she offered exterior their house, then continued on his strategy to meet a pal. He made it a block, she stated, earlier than being shot lifeless by gang members in entrance of a church.

“I didn’t even find his body,” stated Ms. Jean Louis, 61, tears falling. “They took it with them.”

Crime, kidnappings, gangs, safety: the phrases streamed from Haitians throughout the capital as dignitaries paid their respects to the assassinated president on Tuesday and his successors took the helm. Even as rival politicians made claims and counterclaims to interchange Mr. Moïse, residents have been nonetheless in the streets protesting — actually because they felt sure that their new leaders, whoever may prevail, wouldn’t care about them.

“There is too much kidnapping in this country,” stated Steve Madden despairingly, standing in cluster of males final week in stare-off with the police.

Where Avenue John Brown spills out from a lush valley into the gritty streets downtown, tires burned alongside the highway as Mr. Madden and different residents gathered. A native port employee had been kidnapped the day earlier than, and his frightened neighbors have been demanding his return, Mr. Madden stated. A phalanx of cops stood close by with massive weapons.

The streets of Port-au-Prince stay tense.Credit…Federico Rios for The New York Times

Whole areas of the capital are too harmful to drive by way of.

The Champs de Mars, as soon as a spot the place folks danced en masse throughout carnival and assembled on sizzling nights to eat ice cream or share a beer with associates, has been largely desolate for the reason that assassination. Across the road from the presidential palace, nonetheless not changed after the earthquake greater than a decade in the past, a small clutch of wilted flowers and candles sat in a clump for Mr. Moïse. A massive portrait of him, with tears rolling down his face, had fallen on the bottom. The phrases “I tried, don’t you give up, continue the fight” have been printed on it.

Kim Baptiste Jean-Louis, 32, rushed over to set the image proper on an easel. When requested if he had been a fan of Mr. Moïse, he shrugged. “But,” he stated, “he was the president.”

Mr. Moïse’s memorial occurred in the backyard of the Museum of the Haitian National Pantheon, the place the anchor of Christopher Columbus’s ship, the Santa Maria, is on show, together with the chains of former slaves.

Guests got here in slowly, together with the 2 males who wrestled to succeed the president: Ariel Henry, the neurosurgeon appointed prime minister proper earlier than Mr. Moïse was killed, and Claude Joseph, the interim prime minister who was being changed that week however shortly took management of the federal government and imposed a “state of siege.”

Eulogies for Mr. Moïse, whose “increasingly authoritarian” rule had alarmed many in and outdoors Haiti, portrayed him as a warrior for social justice who fought the nation’s oligarchs, a crusader whose repute had been assassinated earlier than he was. Diplomats and ministers in his authorities assembled beneath a trellis lined in bougainvillea, together with a minimum of one official in the Moïse administration who had been sanctioned by the United States in reference to a 2018 bloodbath.

“You can kill a revolutionary, but you can’t assassinate the revolution,” Mr. Joseph stated on the memorial.

The energy battle between Mr. Joseph and Mr. Henry had formally been settled. Mr. Joseph stated Monday that he had agreed to step down and function minister of international affairs and faith, whereas Mr. Henry turned prime minister, paving the way in which for elections in the longer term. The two males stood subsequent to one another initially of the ceremony, shoulder to shoulder, flanked by members of Mr. Moïse’s cupboard.

A memorial Tuesday for Haiti’s assassinated president. The departing prime minister, Claude Joseph, is in the middle, and the brand new one,  Ariel Henri, is on the proper.Credit…Federico Rios for The New York Times

Soon after the memorial, the brand new authorities was put in below an awning in entrance of the prime minister’s workplace. Mr. Joseph stated he was handing the baton to Mr. Henry, who spoke at size of the terrors that had gripped the nation, the individuals who had been killed and robbed, the houses and companies looted and burned. He promised to revive stability and put together for elections. The two males hugged briefly.

The present of unity on Tuesday adopted a contentious scramble for energy. Lawmakers and democracy advocates condemned Mr. Joseph’s fast grasp of the nationwide reins and his imposition of a state of siege proper after the killing, with some likening it to a coup.

The Assassination of Haiti’s President

An assassination strikes a troubled nation: The killing of President Jovenel Moïse on July 7 has rocked Haiti, stoking worry and confusion concerning the future. While there’s a lot we do learn about this occasion, there’s nonetheless a lot we don’t know.A determine on the heart of the plot: Questions are swirling over the arrest of Dr. Christian Emmanuel Sanon, 63, a physician with ties to Florida described as taking part in a central function in the loss of life of the president.More suspects: Two Americans are amongst a minimum of 20 individuals who have been detained to date. Several of the folks below investigation met in the months earlier than the killing to debate rebuilding the nation as soon as the president was out of energy, Haitian police stated.Years of instability: The assassination of Mr. Moïse comes after years of instability in the nation, which has lengthy suffered lawlessness, violence and pure disasters.

The president of the Senate, Joseph Lambert, stated he was going to be sworn in as Haiti’s new chief as a substitute. Then he abruptly postponed that transfer, explaining later in an interview that American officers, who’ve exercised monumental affect over Haitian politics since invading the nation greater than 100 years in the past, had urged him to face down.

Mr. Henry had additionally tried to claim his authority final week, with little success. He issued a information launch promising to unveil his new cupboard on the Karibe Hotel, a landmark of the elite lined with palm timber that has been a well-liked spot for political bulletins in the previous.

But simply as Mr. Henry’s information convention was supposed to begin final week, the resort supervisor shut the constructing’s heavy metallic doorways, blocking information organizations from getting into. He had not been knowledgeable of the information convention forward of time, he stated, and didn’t need to be seen supporting one political faction over one other.

“You know how sensitive things are here,” defined the supervisor, Patrice Jacquet. “I have to take measures to protect the hotel.”

For many Haitians, the political maneuvering was simply that — an influence play by members of the elite and the governing occasion that promised them little reduction. Some remembered the president fondly and mourned the lack of a politician who painted himself as an enemy of the nation’s entrenched pursuits.

On a wall a number of blocks from the previous president’s house, a bunch of artists completed a mural of Mr. Moïse on Monday night. “He is the only president that cared,” stated John Alfrena, 42, admiring the work, which had been achieved by his associates, whereas speculating that Mr. Moïse had been killed for taking up the nation’s oligarchs, the small clump of households that controls a lot of the Haitian financial system.

Now he hoped the president’s spouse, Martine Moïse, would proceed his political legacy.

“We will fight for Martine Moïse to become a candidate in 2022,” he stated.

Mrs. Moïse stunned the nation by returning on Saturday from Miami, the place she had been handled for wounds she sustained in the course of the assault on her husband. She emerged from the airplane sporting a sling for her bandaged proper arm and a bulletproof vest. Since then, she has largely remained out of sight, although a wrenching message was launched on her verified Twitter account three days after the homicide, mourning his loss of life and inspiring the nation to proceed on his path.

“Twenty-five years of living together: In just one night, the mercenaries ripped him away from me,” the recording stated. “Tears will never dry up in my eyes. My heart will always bleed.”

Harold Isaac and Federico Rios contributed reporting.