The work areas at Parsons-Meares Ltd., one of New York City’s premier costume retailers for Broadway reveals, have a tendency to be a spectacular confusion of satin and silk, lace and lamé, milliskin and muslin, scraps of brown paper in distinctive and unusual shapes. Each floor appears on the verge of being inundated by leftover supplies of various hues and textures.
“It’s kind of a big mess, because the work creates mess,” stated Sally Ann Parsons, the store’s proprietor and the one costume maker to obtain a Tony Award. “But I happen to find the mess interesting.”
If Parsons-Meares and the handfuls of different costume retailers prefer it within the metropolis are a bit cluttered currently, it’s a pleased return to type after greater than a yr of inactivity. When the pandemic shuttered the theater trade in March 2020, Broadway’s dressmakers, tailors, milliners, cobblers, pleaters, beaders, embroiderers, glove makers, material painters and dyers had been out of the blue out of work. Few performers, it turned out, wanted painstakingly crafted costumes for all these reveals on Zoom.
Work at retailers like Parsons-Meares floor to a halt throughout the pandemic shutdown.Credit…Yudi Ela for The New York Times
But as Broadway rolls out its return, costumers are once more busy with the meticulous, mess-making handiwork that makes the trade sparkle onstage. Starting this month, the creations of Parsons-Meares will gown anew the casts of reveals together with “The Lion King,” “Hadestown” and “Moulin Rouge! The Musical,” in addition to productions of “Hamilton” throughout the nation.
“Costume shops are extremely important,” stated Catherine Zuber, who designed costumes for “Moulin Rouge.” “A costume might turn out completely different depending on who’s interpreting it. Most designers are very particular about where the costumes get made. It’s really quite a responsibility.”
To obtain the sartorial splendor of “Moulin Rouge,” 180 artisans at 37 costume retailers spent 36,000 hours translating Zuber’s drawings into 793 distinctive items. For some, half of the job was having the ability to monitor down supplies in, for instance, the proper shade of purple.
In different phrases, all that get-up takes a lot of know-how and can-do.
A bodice for a “Moulin Rouge” gown.Credit…Yudi Ela for The New York Times
“When you need a costume for ‘Hamilton,’” stated Donna Langman, whose store attire the elder Schuyler sisters in that present, “you can’t just run out and buy it from the 18th-century clothing shop down the street.”
And it’s extra than simply appears. Effective stage garments are in a position to face up to vigorous, subtle motion for eight performances a week, all yr. They even have to facilitate dizzyingly quick costume modifications: Think snaps that seem like buttons, zippers that seem like lacing, and shirts sewn onto pants. They want to be simply alterable by the present’s wardrobe division, and to keep contemporary with out every day dry cleansing.
In a approach, costume retailers additionally assist coax actors into their roles. “There is a magic that happens in the fitting room with the actor or actress,” Langman stated. “We’re the ones that help them become their character. It’s kind of like being a doctor: ‘Hello, nice to meet you. Take your clothes off.’ They are at their most vulnerable in that moment, and our job is to make them feel good about whatever it is they have to go out there and do.”
Credit…Yudi Ela for The New York TimesCredit…Yudi Ela for The New York TimesCredit…Yudi Ela for The New York TimesCredit…Yudi Ela for The New York Times
At the peak of the pandemic in New York, many artisans, together with Parsons and her employees, sewed and donated fabric masks and surgical robes. Television and movie work resumed later within the yr, although some retailers which might be stubbornly loyal to the performing arts — comparable to Parsons-Meares Ltd. — continued to watch for Broadway’s return. (One lifeline for the store got here from Colorado Ballet, which ordered costumes for “The Nutcracker” a yr prematurely.)
A City Stirs
As New York begins its post-pandemic life, we discover Covid’s lasting affect on town.
The Workers: We photographed greater than 100 individuals who work within the service economic system — cleaners, cooks, retailer clerks, health trainers — who had been half of the toughest hit industries within the metropolis.The Economy: New York’s prosperity is closely depending on patterns of work and journey which will have been irreversibly altered.The Epicenter: The neighborhoods in Queens the place Covid hit the toughest are buzzing once more with exercise. But restoration feels far-off.Dive Deeper: See all our tales in regards to the reopening of N.Y.C.
When Broadway did come again, almost a yr and a half later, for costumers it wasn’t so simple as choosing up the place they left off. Numerous suppliers within the garment district of Manhattan have decreased hours or shuttered solely, and costume retailers report larger costs for materials and slower delivery occasions. Pandemic protocols have affected how the retailers function, comparable to how work stations are laid out and the way fittings are performed. Many employees have relocated or retired; it hasn’t been straightforward to discover and prepare their successors.
So workshops are frenziedly making an attempt to sustain with demand. Since June, Parsons-Meares has been dashing to fulfill orders for 178 pairs of pants, 120 vests and 125 dickies for “Hamilton” alone.
Sally Ann Parsons, the proprietor of Parsons-Meares, is the one costume maker to obtain a Tony Award. “It’s sort of a huge mess, as a result of the work creates mess,” she stated of the present state of the store.Credit…Yudi Ela for The New York Times
For some, the crowded opening schedule and the unreasonable calls for it locations on costume retailers looks like the newest instance of the indifference with which they’re handled by Broadway producers. “We’ve always been the lowest on the totem pole,” Langman stated.
Profit margins, as ever, are slim, and retailers have a lengthy restoration from pandemic closures forward. The Costume Industry Coalition calculated that its 50-plus member companies misplaced $26.6 million in gross income final yr. (That group consists of Ernest Winzer Cleaners, the largely Broadway-dependent, Bronx-based facility that has been in operation since 1908.)
Janet Bloor, the proprietor of Euroco Costumes, stated: “We got one payroll protection loan. Sadly, we had no payroll to protect. We may never catch up to the massive amount of back rent we owe. It’s still possible we won’t survive the pandemic without some kind of aid.”
A painted skirt from “Moulin Rouge.”Credit…Yudi Ela for The New York Times
As the pandemic continues to loom over the return of stay performances, the Broadway season stays precarious. “Everyone’s very nervous,” Langman stated. “Are people going to go back to the theater? We’ve got work for the next month or two, and then what?”
Brian Blythe, a founding member of the Costume Industry Coalition, stated that restoration may take years, including, “This industry is filled with some of the most resourceful costume experts in the world, but our collective survival depends on continuing to inform our stakeholders of what it takes to do what we do.”
Some recognition may assist.
At “Showstoppers! Spectacular Costumes From Stage and Screen,” a 20,000-square-foot exhibition on 42nd Street, over 100 costumes for theater, tv, movie, cruise ships and theme parks are on view, together with common artisan demonstrations comparable to rhinestone utility and Three-D printing.
Gillian Conahan at work. Costume retailers have been dashing to fill orders for Broadway’s return.Credit…Yudi Ela for The New York Times
Given museum remedy, the exhibition’s costumes can lastly be appreciated up shut because the exceptional, wearable sculptures they’re: the Tudor-meets-Rihanna outfits of Henry VIII’s wives from “Six,” bedazzled with 18,810 studs; the frilly roping and beading of corsets for “The Lion King”; Miodrag Guberinic’s Medusa for Heartbeat Opera, with its laser-cut snake vertebrae; the intricate bead work for “Aladdin,” which occupied the beader Polly Kinney every single day for almost six months. Even the gravity-defying undergarments worn by performers of “Wicked,” by the muse put on specialist and Bra Tenders proprietor Lori Kaplan, get a shout-out.
While “Showstoppers” is letting theater-lovers see the artwork of Broadway costuming in a new approach, members of the Costume Industry Coalition hope that Broadway producers is perhaps equally enlightened.
Recovery from the pandemic may take years, in accordance to the Costume Industry Coalition, a group of greater than 50 companies.Credit…Yudi Ela for The New York Times
“Some people seem to think these are things your mom can sew at home,” stated Sarah Timberlake, the proprietor of Timberlake Studios. “And, because of that, it doesn’t have to be that expensive. There needs to be a rethink at the highest levels as to what’s regarded a living wage, and what we can ask for, in order to make this work.”
Langman sees sexism within the remedy of her subject, together with when it comes to pay, with girls making up 70 % of its work pressure, in accordance to the coalition. “We’ve always been looked at as ‘the women,’ because the majority of our industry is women, or gay men,” she stated. “That’s just the nature of our business. We’ve never wielded as much power or been given as much respect compared to the guys in the scenic department who can swing a hammer.”
There is a wider hope that younger folks can be drawn to the trade. Many main costumers are approaching retirement age, and the trade stands to profit from the contemporary eyes of younger individuals who may by no means have realized these careers existed. “It would be great for them to know that this is an option,” Langman stated. “For kids to know this is something that you can do with your life that’s creative and meaningful.”
That sort of advocacy is beginning to really feel like a second job, Langman stated, however a vital one. “By their nature costumers prefer to stay backstage, supporting the people onstage,” she added. “But we’ve been forced to push our faces forward — to let everyone know that we’re here.”