The U.S. Is Not Ready for Climate Reality

We’re additionally overlaying oil spills within the Gulf and the vitality results of a well-liked cryptocurrency.

Tom Halko toured his property in Lefitte, La., final week after Hurricane Ida hit the area. Credit…Johnny Milano for The New York Times

By Brad Plumer

The local weather disasters have been relentless this summer season. Hurricane Ida took down the ability grid in New Orleans, the place greater than 300,000 households stay with out electrical energy as of Wednesday. Just a few days later, Ida dumped 7 inches of rain on New York City, drowning individuals of their basements and paralyzing the subways. Deadly warmth waves scorched the Pacific Northwest, an enormous wildfire spurred residents to evacuate South Lake Tahoe and flash floods devastated Tennessee.

There are two huge classes from this nonstop parade of utmost climate, as Christopher Flavelle, Anne Barnard, Michael Kimmelman and I wrote final week. First, the United States isn’t ready for the local weather shocks we’re already seeing at the moment. Adapting to excessive climate will probably be a troublesome and dear activity: Electricity grids should be fortified, sewer techniques revamped, forests cleared of flammable undergrowth.

But second: There are limits to how a lot the nation can adapt. If nations don’t do extra to chop their emissions of greenhouse gases — the motive force of local weather change — they might quickly run up in opposition to the outer edges of resilience as warmth waves, floods, droughts and wildfires change into ever extra excessive.

How the United States responds stays to be seen. As Coral Davenport and I wrote lately, there are at the moment two huge payments in Congress supposed to deal with local weather change dangers.

One would offer the biggest single infusion of federal cash ever for applications to adapt to local weather change. The different would comprise probably the most bold insurance policies thus far to chop planet-warming emissions, together with a program that may push utilities to modify to cleaner sources of energy.

Some Democrats are betting this summer season of disasters might spur passage of each payments. But political obstacles stay.

Quotable: “These events tell us we’re not prepared,” stated Alice Hill, who oversaw planning for local weather dangers on the National Security Council through the Obama administration. “We have built our cities, our communities, to a climate that no longer exists.”

President Biden on Tuesday visited areas of New York and New Jersey that have been hit exhausting by Ida, saying that the deadly destruction was a positive signal of a nation and world “in peril” from local weather change.

Ida’s report rainfall over New York City was a part of a pattern: Because of worldwide warming, the heaviest storms can now produce large quantities of rainfall in a short while.

Credit…The New York Times

After Ida, oil spills spied from house

By Hiroko Tabuchi

Last Friday, my colleague Blacki Migliozzi and I have been analyzing flyover photos of the waters off the Louisiana coast with John Scott-Railton, a researcher at The Citizen Lab, who had been monitoring the devastation from by Hurricane Ida.

We’d seen some very small slicks on the water. Then Mr. Scott-Railton shouted in my ear.

He had noticed a leak that consultants would later describe as “substantial” emanating from a degree off Port Fourchon, the principle hub for Louisiana’s offshore oil and gasoline business.

From there, we scrutinized satellite tv for pc imagery, ship monitoring knowledge and interviewed scientists, native officers and others concerned within the cleanup to interrupt information of a spill and cleanup that hadn’t but been communicated to the general public. The spill, considered from a broken underwater pipe, is one among many now noticed within the Gulf. Read what we reported this week.

The numbers: A report printed earlier this yr by the U.S. Government Accountability Office discovered that because the 1960s, federal regulators have allowed oil and gasoline producers within the Gulf to depart some 18,000 miles of pipeline on the seafloor, which are sometimes deserted with out cleansing or burial.

Credit…Eliana Rodgers

Bitcoin wastes vitality by design. Could it ever be greener?

Bitcoin. Litecoin. Bitcoin Gold. Ethereum. Dogecoin.

Cryptocurrencies have emerged as one of the crucial fascinating, but head-scratching, investments on this planet. They soar in worth. They crash. They’ll change the world, their followers declare, by displacing conventional currencies just like the greenback, rupee or ruble.

And within the means of merely present, among the hottest cryptocurrencies use astonishing quantities of electrical energy. This week we defined how they work, why they’re so vitality intensive and whether or not they may very well be greener. Here’s the entire venture by Jon Huang, Claire O’Neill and Hiroko Tabuchi.

The huge image: Managing a useful digital foreign money with no central authority takes a complete lot of computing energy.

The numbers: Bitcoin’s vitality use is near half-a-percent of all of the electrical energy consumed on this planet.

Why it issues: Bitcoin mining is digital, but it’s nonetheless linked to the bodily world of fossil fuels, energy grids and the local weather disaster. What originated as a forward-thinking foreign money has mounting real-world ramifications.

Quotable: Bitcoin mining means extra than simply emissions. Miners wanting the latest, quickest equipment causes excessive turnover, creating a brand new e-waste drawback as unused hardware will get discarded and piles up. “Bitcoin miners are completely ignoring this issue, because they don’t have a solution,” stated Alex de Vries, who runs Digiconomist, a website that tracks the sustainability of cryptocurrencies. “These machines are just dumped.”

Also essential this week:

How to host a local weather summit: A world community of activists known as for November United Nations local weather talks to be postponed over pandemic considerations.

Climate and well being: An editorial printed in additional than 200 medical and well being journals worldwide, declared a 1.5-degree-Celsius rise in world temperatures was the “greatest threat to global public health.”

The recall in California: The vote subsequent week might weaken the state’s aggressive local weather insurance policies as some candidates wish to roll again the state’s bold plans to chop planet-warming emissions, a change with nationwide implications.

Where’s the charger?: The United States has about 100,000 public chargers for electrical automobiles, far fewer than Europe and China. It wants 10 occasions as many, auto consultants say, to finish the swap from combustion engine automobiles.

‘Far from over’: Thousands of firefighters throughout California continued to battle a minimum of a dozen giant blazes threatening houses and communities. Track the most recent Western wildfires and updates on excessive climate within the United States and around the globe.

And lastly, we suggest:

How local weather change is driving small cities to monetary damage

A bridge over the Neuse River at Seven Springs, N.C.

By Christopher Flavelle

A collection of brutal storms across the nation have demonstrated the bodily toll of local weather change. But extra frequent and extreme disasters deliver one other sort of menace, particularly for small cities: the danger of long-term monetary collapse.

That hazard is particularly clear in North Carolina, the place small cities close to the coast are nonetheless reeling from Hurricane Matthew in 2016 and Hurricane Floyd in 2018. Those storms didn’t simply trigger flooding; in addition they pushed away residents and companies, shrinking the tax base in cities that have been already exhausting off economically. Now they’re struggling to pay for fundamental companies.

The plight of these cities is a cautionary story for what local weather change means for a lot of small-town America. And they present the inherent contradictions within the federal authorities’s response to repetitive disasters — rebuilding some individuals’s houses, whereas paying others to depart, typically in the identical city, making these cities’ predicament even more durable.

You can learn extra about what I discovered in North Carolina, and what it says concerning the long-term impacts of local weather change for small cities, right here.

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