Lesson of the Day: ‘What Will Become of Afghanistan’s Post-9/11 Generation?’

This Lesson of the Day will assist put together college students to take part in our stay panel on Sept. 30 at 1 p.m. Eastern about how Sept. 11 formed the era that grew up in its aftermath. You can register for the occasion right here, and you’ll submit your questions right here — we’d use them throughout the panel.

Lesson Overview

Featured Article: “What Will Become of Afghanistan’s Post-9/11 Generation?” — a photograph essay by Kiana Hayeri

In April 2021, President Biden introduced that American troops would withdraw from Afghanistan by Sept. 11, 2021. Following the announcement, Kiana Hayeri, a photojournalist, started documenting the finish of the 20-year occupation from the perspective of younger Afghans who had been raised in the a long time after the U.S. invasion in 2001.

In this lesson, you will note the methods during which six younger individuals who had lived in a world of new freedoms and alternatives instantly discovered themselves in a modified world with the rise of the Taliban. Then, you’ll write a letter to 1 of the younger folks from the article, or to their household, sharing the methods during which you related with their story.

Warm-Up

Discuss as a category or in small teams:

What have you learnt about the conflict in Afghanistan? What about the U.S. withdrawal of troops and the Taliban takeover?

Where have you ever obtained your data? News articles? Social media? Talking with family and friends?

What questions do you have got about what is going on?

If you want extra data or context about what is going on, begin with our Lesson of the Day about America’s longest conflict — its causes and its penalties.

The featured article focuses on the tales of younger folks. Watch this video of three younger girls sharing their tales of dwelling in Afghanistan now, after which reply to the questions.

VideoA boxer. A singer. A journalist. Three younger girls discovered success in Kabul, Afghanistan. When the Taliban took the metropolis, their goals and lives had been shattered.

What is one emotional response you needed to the video?

What is one factor you discovered from the video?

What is one query you have got after watching the video?

Questions for Writing and Discussion

Read the article, then reply the following questions:

1. The writers describe the methods during which the lives of younger Afghans are quickly altering. What is one instance or description from the introduction that lets you perceive and visualize these adjustments?

2. The article begins with the story of childhood pals, Karim, Gul Ahmad and Saeed. What is a method that you just related to their story of work and friendship? Choose one picture and one quote that you just assume finest illustrate that theme.

three. When requested what he needed to be when he grew up, Gul Ahmad laughed. Based on the article, why do you assume he responded that method?

four. What had been Esmat’s hopes and goals for himself and for his household? Why do you assume Esmat each hoped for a future, however was additionally conscious he won’t stay to see the future? Does that make you assume of anything you have got learn, seen or skilled?

Understand the Taliban Takeover in Afghanistan

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Who are the Taliban? The Taliban arose in 1994 amid the turmoil that got here after the withdrawal of Soviet forces from Afghanistan in 1989. They used brutal public punishments, together with floggings, amputations and mass executions, to implement their guidelines. Here’s extra on their origin story and their file as rulers.

Who are the Taliban leaders? These are the prime leaders of the Taliban, males who’ve spent years on the run, in hiding, in jail and dodging American drones. Little is thought about them or how they plan to manipulate, together with whether or not they are going to be as tolerant as they declare to be. One spokesman instructed The Times that the group needed to neglect its previous, however that there can be some restrictions.

How did the Taliban achieve management? See how the Taliban retook energy in Afghanistan in a couple of months, and examine how their technique enabled them to take action.

What occurs to the girls of Afghanistan? The final time the Taliban had been in energy, they barred girls and ladies from taking most jobs or going to highschool. Afghan girls have made many beneficial properties since the Taliban had been toppled, however now they concern that floor could also be misplaced. Taliban officers try to reassure girls that issues will probably be totally different, however there are indicators that, not less than in some areas, they’ve begun to reimpose the previous order.

What does their victory imply for terrorist teams? The United States invaded Afghanistan 20 years in the past in response to terrorism, and plenty of fear that Al Qaeda and different radical teams will once more discover protected haven there. On Aug. 26, lethal explosions exterior Afghanistan’s important airport claimed by the Islamic State demonstrated that terrorists stay a risk.

How will this have an effect on future U.S. coverage in the area? Washington and the Taliban might spend years pulled between cooperation and battle, Some of the key points at hand embody: tips on how to cooperate towards a mutual enemy, the Islamic State department in the area, generally known as ISIS-Okay, and whether or not the U.S. ought to launch $9.four billion in Afghan authorities forex reserves which are frozen in the nation.

5. How did the material of the play that Maryam carried out in change into much more related for her and the different actresses? What does that story, each in actual life and in the world of the play, display about fears that younger girls, like Maryam, have?

6. How did Naser Khan take a stand for his nation? How did that place him in a harmful state of affairs throughout the U.S. withdrawal?

7. The article ends describing Kiana Hayeri’s final days in Kabul. As you examine her experiences leaving Afghanistan, what extra do you need to know? Think of a query you wish to ask Ms. Hayeri and submit it as a 30-second video utilizing this kind.

Going Further

In the featured article, Maryam, 17, mentioned to Kiana Hayeri, the photographer, “If you’re writing about this, please tell about the situation of Afghanistan.” Why do you assume Maryam felt it was necessary to share that with Ms. Hayeri? And why do you assume Ms. Hayeri selected to incorporate her plea in the essay?

Write a letter to 1 of the younger folks in the featured article. In your letter, let that particular person know what you discovered from the tales and pictures of younger folks in Afghanistan. You can share the way it felt to learn the phrases and see the faces of folks dwelling there now, and you can even let the particular person understand how you personally related to the tales you learn. Then, ask one or two questions on that particular person’s life or present circumstances.

You can share your letter in the feedback part of this text.

Additional Teaching and Learning Opportunities

Register now for our stay panel about the post-Sept. 11 era that includes the photographer Kiana Hayeri. In addition to submitting inquiries to the panel, you can even share a video response to our Student Opinion immediate “9/11 Happened Before Your Were Born. What Does It Mean to You?”

Create your individual gallery exhibit utilizing 4 images and 4 quotes from the featured article. Then, write an artist’s assertion explaining why you selected these explicit images and quotes.

Learn extra about the 20-year historical past of the conflict in Afghanistan and the U.S. withdrawal in our Lesson of the Day “The U.S. War in Afghanistan: How It Started, and How It Ended.”

Learn extra about Lesson of the Day right here and discover all of our every day classes on this column.